总结托福考试写作笔记————独立写作谋篇布局

谋篇布局

独立写作文章结构

单边论证
A+A+A+
双边论证
A+A+ B+/A-或B+/A- A+A+
其中B+/A-是让步段
A+A+ A+>A-(A的好处更大)
分情况讨论
分情况讨论的例子1
分情况讨论的例子2

何时用单边论证?

1 第一维度,能单则单
2 今昔对比题
3 因果题

何时用双边论证?(让步段)

双边论证的例子
1 绝对词题必须用!
However, to say … , is an overstatement
is too exaggerated
2 利弊比较 虽然A+ 但是B-
3 第一维度论点想不全时, 用双边

让步段模板

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1.让步段主旨句(语气削弱)
Admittedly/ Granted,
Some people may/might削弱语气防止前后矛盾 argue that marrying FJ is a bad idea.
This, in their mind, is because (she is deformed to some extent/degree.)
to some extent/degree某种程度上
2.原因+展开:
3.转折:however
(1) 重要性转折:
However, on balance, it seems to be secondary/insignificant
However, to say… is an overstatement.
However, the benefits of … outweigh its demerits. 好处超过坏处
(2) 解决方案转折:
However, as long as +解决方案, the problem will be solved
(3) 利弊转化:
However if viewed from a different angle, it also means。。。//具体的优先
主语与主句相同时,省略主谓
However, it is not the case in reality. //实在想不出来写这个

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